As each wave of conquerers (Romans, various barbarians, Hungarians, Turks, Austrians, and Russians) came through Hungary, they tore down most of the monuments and such built by the previous group. That’s a lot of missed opportunities for tourism, so after they kicked out the Russians, they preserved communist propaganda statues like

in Szobor Park on Buda’s outskirts, which I visited today.

Not everyone seems to have gotten the message to preserve the statues, though, with damage ranging from


(in an otherwise well-preserved monument).

Also, I have to wonder whether this monument

got its concrete shoes after the revolution or when it was built, and if the former, whether it was intended to be the sculptor’s subtle jab at the Soviets.

The plaques were mostly in Hungarian and Russian, which it’s much harder to teach myself some of each language from than when the second language is German.

At least one of the monuments


distinctly built to communist production standards—zooming in on that little yellow spot at the bottom, I can see that

it’s made of foam, with iron over it. There’s good counterpropaganda to be had here—something like “the Iron Curtain looks tough, but behind it the internal workings of communism are soft as foam.”

Also, in the department of “we were into it before it was cool,” several plaques bragged about communist meetings as early as 1922 in Hungary. Now that the communists are gone, they instead brag about limited private enterprise as early as the 1970s.